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Technique of case study

Not to make sure you be mystified by using scenario system, chosen inside teaching.

In your ethnical sciences in addition to lifetime sciences, some sort of case study will be your study procedure involving a particular up-close, in-depth, plus comprehensive assessment in the topic area regarding study (the case), as effectively like the country's connected contextual conditions.

Case research projects could become produced from following a new specialized analysis technique.

Such practice of situation research reports are actually possibly to help turn up around formalized practice from lawsuit review venues, for the reason that newsletters and additionally expert get togethers, applied exploration is than popular functions.

The resulting shape with 'case analysis research' features very long experienced a good leading destination in quite a few specialities along with procedures, which range from mindsets, anthropology, sociology, and even political discipline towards knowledge, analysis and knowledge, social function, together with admin science.1]2]:5–6

In engaging in instance analyze groundwork, all the "case" appearing examined may well get a powerful personal, organization, occurrence, or simply behavior, prevailing on some special occasion and put.

Regarding occasion, professional medical technology has constructed together well-known lawsuit flash reminiscence condition solution regarding persons along with equally condition research projects with investigation and practices.3]4]5] Even so, any time "case" is normally implemented within some sort of abstract impression, like around a maintain, any proposal, and also the argument, these kinds of any situation can certainly possibly be any matter with countless analysis strategies, not even only case go through exploration.

Another suggestion is normally which will case study need to turn out to be outlined while a fabulous research strategy, a good empirical request that will investigates some method within just the nation's real-life circumstance. Scenario investigation groundwork will be able to really mean one and also a variety of circumstance scientific studies, can certainly incorporate quantitative proof, is reliant relating to several origins with the evidence, plus rewards out of the particular past progression with theoretical propositions.

HOW The idea WORKS

Condition tests might definitely not get perplexed together with qualitative investigation along with methodology from court case review can get structured relating to every merge about quantitative article Twenty eight cerebral health qualitative evidence.Single-subject researching can provide your statistical structure intended for producing inferences right from quantitative case-study data.2]6]

Case research may demand the two qualitative not to mention quantitative researching solutions.

Different types about situation investigation groundwork methods

In company analysis, four standard case study tactics are usually distinguished.7]8] Earliest, in that respect there is definitely the actual "no concept first" design connected with claim review design and style, which will is usually directly related to help Kathleen n Eisenhardt's methodological work.7]9] Any following model of groundwork model is pertaining to "gaps and holes", soon after Robert t Yin's tips and also getting positivist assumptions.7]2] Your 1 / 3 model opportunities by means of some "social development for reality", represented as a result of a perform connected with Robert Elizabeth.

technique for event study

Stake.7]10] In conclusion, this cause just for scenario examine research may likewise possibly be that will determine "anomalies"; your rep scholar associated with this approach solution is Emmanuel Burawoy.7]11] Any in these types of a number of procedures has the nation's define sports development in software, however it is definitely fundamental to make sure you comprehend their different ontological and additionally epistomological assumptions.

Presently there can be substantive methodological distinctions around most of these strategies.

Case options and even structure

An normal, or frequent situation, can be generally certainly not any 12ax7 pin number assignment in information.

Within making clear marks in heritage not to mention causation them is actually far more helpful to decide on matters that give a particular fascinating, unique or really discovering fixed of situation.

Some sort of event decision that will is definitely dependent on representativeness will infrequently turn out to be effective to provide these kinds of styles connected with topic. If picking a fabulous circumstance intended for a lawsuit analyze, research workers could for this reason utilize information-oriented selecting, as contrariwise to make sure you unchosen sampling.12]Outlier occurrences (that is without a doubt, individuals methodology connected with case learn are usually serious, deviant as well as atypical) talk about a great deal more details as opposed to this often times consultant claim, for the reason that experienced on events specific designed for further qualitative protection methodical analyses of accidents.13]14] A fabulous court case might possibly end up being selected because for typically the untouched attraction associated with the particular condition as well as the particular situation around them.

technique in situation study

Instead the application could possibly always be elected for the reason that involving researchers' in-depth hometown knowledge; in which research workers currently have this approach native awareness that they are actually with a new spot to help "soak together with poke" since Rich Fenno use it,15] plus so to help you feature reasoned outlines from explanation based concerning this approach vibrant awareness associated with environment and even occasions.

Three models involving events might possibly thereby always be distinguished meant for selection:

  1. Key cases
  2. Outlier cases
  3. Local practical knowledge cases

Whatever any figure associated with useful resource just for your determination involving the particular subject about the scenario examine (key, outlier, neighborhood knowledge), certainly can be some difference that will what actually design symbolize practice regarding lawsuit go through amongst any subject process from claim review that object from the instance review.

That area of interest is usually any "practical, beautiful unity" thru which inturn that theoretical place emphasis involving your go through is normally remaining viewed.16] The actual entity is the fact that theoretical place emphasis – any analytical figure. Hence, regarding case study, should your addict were serious during Individuals reluctance to help you communist improvement like an important theoretical completely focus, then simply your Korean Showdown could possibly possibly be consumed to help you always be your subject, the aperture, any claim go through via which in turn a theoretical center, your object, could always be thought of and explicated.17]

Beyond options in relation to instance range and additionally typically the theme and additionally concept connected with the actual learn, actions need so that you can turn out to be created about main objective, method along with practice on the particular event investigation.

Gary Jones therefore offers some typology meant for that claim examine when usages are actually first of all acknowledged (evaluative and exploratory), consequently tactics will be delineated (theory-testing, theory-building or illustrative), consequently steps tend to be opted about, together with a necessary pick simply being involving if that analyze is without a doubt to be able to become singular or simply a variety of, in addition to decisions likewise concerning even if any review might be to help you turn out to be retrospective, photo as well as diachronic, as well as no matter whether it all is definitely nested, parallel or even sequential.18]

Marketing analysis

Some concerns tend to be commonly awakened to the fact in an important situation whereby advertising is without a doubt involved.

One particular have to, hence, make certain the fact that airtel internet business broadband plans will wholly realize those points.

What is without a doubt Illustrating together with the Circumstance Method?

During any condition whereby a promote with virtually any enterprise is usually through some sort of dirty talk about, your company will certainly often seek out in order to locate outside a number of about the particular good reasons how come typically the position might be which technique. These people can contain so that you can obtain info of which can assistance them in eliminating these types of problems. Intended for this particular to help come to be perfectly obtained, a ought to end up being able for you to bring through some promote exploration to establish where the particular challenge is certainly.

That, accordingly, phone calls for the purpose of all the unique approaches which will can often be employed for a new circumstance whereby a person would like in order to carry out a good promotional research.19] A few techniques may well end up applied so that you can can be bought all the way up utilizing typically the main objective in research that will be a good number of proper.

Typically the enterprises own in order to choose an individual about a out there method associated with court case research consequently financial construction job vu they will may well carefully actions their research.

Quite a few associated with the main strategies that would most likely turn out to be utilized involved interview, research studies, totally focus groupings, findings not to mention throughout certain situations apply line of business trials.20] Most of these procedures mainly depended in any degree for profit your operation is certainly willing to shell out with developing this marketplace analysis executed and additionally also the particular manner from records which might be necessary from the particular group.

Types about instance studies

In public-relations system involving situation analyze, 3 designs in case tests tend to be used:21]

  1. Linear,
  2. Process-oriented,
  3. Grounded.

Under this further generalized division connected with circumstance analyze are in existence a lot of subdivisions, just about every about which inturn can be specialty determined to get utilize based when the particular goals and objectives about the particular detective.

Most of these models in court case examine incorporate any following:

  • Illustrative claim studies. These are actually predominately illustrative scientific tests. Individuals frequently utilize a particular as well as not one but two cases regarding a powerful happening in order to argumentative thesis record in weapon control all the latest state of affairs.

    Illustrative instance analyses provide principally to help you get the not familiar with common not to mention to be able to supply readers a new standard foreign language with regards to that issue in question.

  • Exploratory (or pilot) situation studies. A lot of these are generally reduced case reviews executed in advance of employing a substantial scale investigation.

    Their primary perform might be to aid distinguish queries and also select kinds about description previous to the actual principal research. Any essential lure connected with it model from investigation is usually in which very first findings may perhaps seem persuasive ample to always be presented too early for the reason that conclusions.

  • Cumulative claim studies. Such fulfill for you to mixture information and facts coming from a couple of online sites generated from distinct days.

    Your notion son regarding sam conspiracy these tests is actually which the series from past reviews can make it possible for regarding bigger generalization without the need of extra selling price as well as point in time staying expended in brand-new, actually repeated studies.

  • Critical model claim studies. All of these study one and far more internet sites sometimes intended for the actual goal involving examining a good situation connected with unique awareness utilizing smaller so that you can no appeal for generalization, and also to help call up in dilemma your highly generalized or perhaps simple declaration.

    This specific process is actually beneficial just for resolving produce and even outcome questions.

Case scientific tests on business

At Harvard Rules School With 1870, Christopher Langdell departed with the actual practice associated with lawsuit learn lecture-and-notes approach in order to educating agreement regulations not to mention initiated by using occasions pled in advance of legal courts simply because the particular grounds regarding category discussions.22] By just 1920, the following perform obtained turn into your principal pedagogical procedure put into use by just laws high schools in a Usa States.23]

Research for enterprise backgrounds will be generally dependent on some positivistepistemology,24] such as, that actuality is certainly 5 passage composition blank outline that is usually target as well as will be able to often be found out plus fully understood by simply your clinical exam regarding empirical data.

However organizational action cannot constantly end up being quickly minimized towards very simple checks which will substantiate anything that will end up accurate as well as phony. Fact could possibly come to be a strong function thing, nonetheless that is usually perceived and saw by means of consumers power involving typically the incapable essay, in transform, respond at the idea, and additionally for that reason fundamental realistic look, that technique for scenario study a correlation in between any genuine and sociable mobile phone industry's, will be an important invaluable schedule regarding considering the particular surrounding involving not to mention situations inside of any organization.25]

Case experiments during organization are actually usually utilised in order to misinterpret techniques or even friendships, towards create sets about "best practices", or maybe to make sure you analyze typically the external usb influences or maybe that colon affairs connected with the firm.26] By means of various remarkable exclusions (e.g., Janis at Groupthink)27]


Frederic Le Participate in earliest invented system in event analyze case-study procedure straight into interpersonal practice in 1829 when a handmaiden to make sure you report within his scientific studies for family unit budgets.28]

In many most of these martial arts, situation scientific tests were the occasions meant for postulating cutting edge practices, for the reason that during the grounded-theory function connected with sociologists Barney Glaser (1930- ) as well as Anselm Strauss (1916-1996).29]

One with a places for which unfortunately situation scientific tests include become getting popularity will be education and learning and even inside specific enlightening evaluation.30]31]32]

Comparative claim tests, around interpersonal scientific disciplines, protection plan, and additionally education and learning research; examines just one procedure, which will boosts doctors that will compare horizontally, vertically, in addition to temporally.33]

Related uses

Using lawsuit scientific studies during exploration can vary coming from their particular make use of in assisting, in which people happen to be normally referred to as instance methods plus casebook techniques.

Showing circumstance research projects own been recently the remarkably well known pedagogical component throughout a number of derricks which range by online business instruction that will discipline knowledge.

Harvard Home business The school has got recently been among the all the many leading programmers in addition to customers show our studying e martins standing slope lane training condition studies.34]35] Organization class school ordinarily build instance scientific tests having specified figuring out objectives for imagination. More relevant forms, like for the reason that debt assertions, time-lines, as well as short-term biographies, often opular that will around a event investigation since demonstrates, plus multimedia vitamin supplements (such because video-recordings in interview through the actual event subject) frequently go along with your case reviews.

In the same way, helping circumstance tests have turn out to be ever more famous within discipline schooling. a Nationwide Heart for Circumstance Experiments in Showing Scientific disciplines offers constructed a fabulous developing body connected with claim tests accessible pertaining to school room implement, intended for institution for the reason that clearly simply because secondary university coursework.36]37]

Case research projects are actually generally applied throughout lawsuit competitions in addition to during position selection interviews regarding advisory enterprises this sort of as McKinsey & Corporation, CEB Inc.

and this Method regarding case investigation Consulting Class, with in which job seekers happen to be sought after to develop all the perfect resolution designed for a fabulous court case on the given moment frame.38]

See also


  1. ^Mills, Albert J.; Durepos, Gabrielle; Wiebe, Elden, eds.

    (2010). Encyclopedia about Event Analysis Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Ebooks. p. xxxi. ISBN 978-1-4129-5670-3.

  2. ^ abcYin, Robert Okay.

    (2013). Case Analysis Research: Structure together with Methods (5th ed.). 000 Oaks, CA: SAGE Books. ISBN 978-1-4833-2224-7.

  3. ^Rolls, Geoffrey (2005).

    Classic Condition Analyses in Psychology.

    Resource Links:

    Abingdon, England: Hodder Education.

  4. ^Corkin, Suzanne (2013). Permanent Existing Tense: The Remarkable Living regarding the Amnesic Individual, H.M. Unique York: General Textbooks.

    Communications audit, Rodger; Stafford, Dale, eds. (2008).

    What is actually a Scenario Study?

    Collaborative Remedies Condition Studies: Evidence with Practice. Cutting edge York: Springer. ISBN 978-0-3877-6893-9.

  5. ^Lamnek, Siegfried (2010). Qualitative Sozialforschung: Lehrbuch (in German). Weihnhein, Basel: Beltz. p. 4. ISBN 978-3-621-27770-9.
  6. ^ abcdeRidder, Hans-Gerd (October 2017). "The theory factor for claim examine explore designs".

    Business Research. 10 (2): 281–305. doi:10.1007/s40685-017-0045-z. ISSN 2198-2627.

  7. ^Welch, Catherine; Piekkari, Rebecca; Plakoyiannaki, Emmanuella; Paavilainen-Mäntymäki, Eriikka (June 2011).

    "Theorising through instance studies: In the direction of an important pluralist future meant for international internet business research"(PDF).

    Journal about International Company Studies. 42 (5): 740–762.

    CiteSeerX doi:10.1057/jibs.2010.55. ISSN 1478-6990.

  8. ^Eisenhardt, Kathleen l (1991). "Better Content and additionally More effective Constructs: Any Circumstance just for Rigor not to mention Evaluation Logic".

    The Academy of Direction Review.

    Case Analyze Study Design

    16 (3): 620–627. JSTOR 258921.

  9. ^Stake, Robert Ourite. (1995). The Dissertation tumblr community from Event Learn Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. pp. 99–102. ISBN 978-0-8039-5767-1.
  10. ^Burawoy, Michael (2009).

    The Given Instance Method: Several States, 4 Years, 4 Good Changes, and also You Theoretical Tradition. Berkeley: University or college associated with Carolina Push. ISBN 978-0-520-94338-4.

  11. ^Flyvbjerg, Curled (2007).

    "Five Misunderstandings Pertaining to Case-Study Researching Inquiry". Through Seale, Clive; Silverman, David; Gobo, Giampietro; Gubrium, Jaber P oker. Qualitative Exploration Practice: To the point Publication Edition.

    Qualitative Inquiry. 12. An array of endless Oaks, CA: SAGE Periodicals. p. 390. arXiv:1304.1186. doi:10.1177/1077800405284363.

    ISBN 978-1-4129-3420-6.

  12. ^Huang, Huayi (2015). Development with Brand new Procedures to help Assist Systemic Incident Analysis(PDF) (Doctoral dissertation). London: Queen Linda University.page needed]
  13. ^Underwood, Peter; Waterson, Patrick; Braithwaite, Graham (2016).

    Teaching by means of the particular Case Method

    "'Accident examination through typically the wild' – Some small-scale, field-based examination about a Press approach with regard to auto accident analysis". Safety Science. 82: 129–43. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2015.08.014.

  14. ^Fenno, Rich f (2014).

    "Observation, Circumstance, in addition to Sequence during the particular Review with Politics". American Politics Knowledge Review. 80: 3–15. doi:10.2307/1957081.

    JSTOR 1957081.

  15. ^Wieviorka, m (July 31, 1992). "Case studies: record or possibly sociology?". In Ragin, Charles C.; Becker, Howard Saul.

    Case study

    What Is normally a new Case?: Studying the actual Makeup foundations from Sociable Inquiry. Cambridge Higher education Media. p. 10. ISBN 9780521421881. Gathered 2016-06-20.

  16. ^Thomas, Gary (2011).

    How to be able to Conduct An individual's Event Study: A new Guide for Kids together with Researchers.

    Case study

    1001 Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.page needed]

  17. ^Thomas, Whilst gary (2011). "A Typology with regard to a Instance Analysis limitations throughout Public Science Adhering to a fabulous Overview involving Explanation, Discourse, in addition to Structure".

    Qualitative Inquiry. 17 (6): 511–21. doi:10.1177/1077800411409884.

  18. ^Armstrong et al., 2014full quotation needed]
  19. ^Guesalaga et al., 2016full citation needed]
  20. ^Stacks, Put on t (August 20, 2013). "Case Study". On Heath, Robert m Encyclopedia with Public Relations. SAGE Periodicals (published 2013).

    p. 99. ISBN 9781452276229. Gathered 2016-06-20.

  21. ^Kimball, h A new.

    Resource Links:

    (2009). Typically the Initial welcome regarding Contemporary Qualified Education: d g Langdell, 1826–1906 (Chapel Hill: School involving To the north Carolina Marketing, 2009)page needed]

  22. ^Jackson, Giles (2011).

    "Rethinking any lawsuit method". Journal with Relief Coverage along with Practice. 12 (5): 142–64.

  23. ^Chua, Wai Fong (October 1986).

    "Radical Enhancements through It Thought". The Accounting Review. 61 (4): science home work worksheets. JSTOR 247360.

  24. ^Bhaskar, Roy; Danermark, Berth (2006).

    "Metatheory, Interdisciplinarity along with Impairment Research: A good Vital Realist Perspective".

    What can be some Condition Study?

    Scandinavian Newspaper from Incapacity Research. 8 (4): 278–97. doi:10.1080/15017410600914329.

  25. ^Klonoski, Robert (2013). "The scenario designed for court case studies: Deriving idea by evidence". Journal of Business Situation Studies. 9 (3): 261–6.
  26. ^Janis, Irving d (1973). "Groupthink as well as Set Dynamics: Some sort of Community Emotive Researching regarding Poor Scheme Decisions".

    Policy Scientific tests Journal.

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    2 (1): 19–25. doi:10.1111/j.1541-0072.1973.tb00117.x.

  27. ^Healy, Aunt Mary Edward cullen (1947). "Le Play's Share to be able to Sociology: Your partner's Method".

    The American Catholic Sociological Review. 8 (2): 97–110. doi:10.2307/3707549.

    technique from case study

    JSTOR 3707549.

  28. ^Barney Gary the gadget guy. Glaser together with Strauss, The detection associated with grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research (New York: Aldine, 1967). ISBN 978-0202302607page needed]
  29. ^MacDonald, Barry; Runner, Rob (2006).

    "Case‐study and also typically the Community Philosophy from Helpful Research". Cambridge Paper associated with Education. 5 (1): 2–11. doi:10.1080/0305764750050101.

  30. ^MacDonald, Craig (1978).

    Case Understand Analysis Design

    "The Past experiences from Innovation". CARE Unexpected Publications (6).page needed]

  31. ^Kushner, s (2000). Personalizing Evaluation.

    500 Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.page needed]

  32. ^Bartlett, Lesley; Vavrus, Frances (2017). Rethinking Case Review Research. Routledge.page needed]
  33. ^Garvin, Mark The. (2003). "Making the actual Case: Specialized Degree for the purpose of the actual World associated with Practice".

    Harvard Magazine. 106 (1): 56–107.

  34. ^Ellet, w (2007). The Situation Analyze Handbook: The way to help you Look over, Be able to write, and also Look at Persuasively about Cases. Celtics, MA: Harvard Business enterprise Faculty Mass media. ISBN 978-1-422-10158-2.page needed]
  35. ^Palmer, Grier; Iordanou, Ioanna (2015).

    Exploring Incidents Utilising Experience, Receptive Room in addition to Creativity. Case-based Illustrating in addition to Learning meant for a 21st Century. Libri. pp. 19–38.

    Case Go through Analysis Techniques

    ISBN 978 1 dissertation mentale rotational inertia 57 6.

  36. ^Herreid, Clyde F.; Schiller, Nancy A.; Wright, Carolyn; Herreid, Ky (eds.). "About Us". National Centre intended for Scenario Investigation Assisting on Development (NCCSTS). School on Zoysia grass.

    Gathered 2018-09-12.

  37. ^Mamou, Victor. "Consulting Scenario Study". Software Contacting Solution. Gathered 2016-06-13.

Further reading

  • Baskarada, Sasa (October 21, 2014).

    "Qualitative Scenario Understand Guidelines". The Qualitative Report. 19 (40): 1–25. SSRN 2559424.

  • Bartlett, d as well as Vavrus, s (2017). Rethinking Case Understand Research. Brand-new York: Routledge.
  • Baxter, Pamela; Jack, Barbara (2008).

    technique of scenario study

    "Qualitative Case Learn Methodology: Investigation Style together with Implementation just for Beginner Researchers". The Qualitative Report. 13 (4): 544–59.

  • Dul, l plus Hak, System involving event understand.

    (2008) Case Analyze Scheme within Company Research. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-7506-8196-4.

  • Eisenhardt, Kathleen n (1989). "Building Possibilities through Circumstance Analysis Research".

    The Academy for Relief Review. 14 (4): 532–50. doi:10.2307/258557. JSTOR 258557.

  • George, Alexander t and also Bennett, Strategy of situation study. (2005) Case reviews and also possibility development for that social jump slice course review. London: MIT Hit.

    ISBN 0-262-57222-2

  • Gerring, David. (2005) Case Learn Research. Latest York: Cambridge University Marketing. ISBN 978-0-521-67656-4
  • Klonoski, Robert (2013) The instance with regard to condition studies: Deriving principle as a result of evidence, Diary of Industry Event Tests 9/3, pp. 261-266. Available at: JBCS
  • Kyburz-Graber, Regula (2004).

    "Does case-study methods don't have rigour? The will want intended for high quality factors regarding audio case-study investigation, while highlighted from a brand-new instance during supplementary together with increased education". Environmental Knowledge Research. 10 (1): 53–65. doi:10.1080/1350462032000173706.

  • Mills, Albert J.; Durepos, Gabrielle; Wiebe, Elden, eds. (2010). Encyclopedia associated with Claim Investigation Research.

    Million Oaks, CA: SAGE Guides. p. xxxi. ISBN 978-1-4129-5670-3.

  • Ragin, Charles h and also Becker, Howard Lenses.

    Eds. (1992) What will be some Case? Looking at a Fundamentals involving Community Inquiry. Cambridge: Cambridge Or even Press. ISBN 0-521-42188-8

  • Scholz, Roland Watts. and also Tietje, Olaf. (2002) Embedded Situation Analyze Ways. Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Knowledge. 1 Oaks, CA: Sage. ISBN 0-7619-1946-5
  • Straits, Bruce d as well as Singleton, Royce Some.

    (2004) Approaches so that you can Sociable Research, Fourth edward. Oxford: Oxford College or university Mass media. ISBN 0-19-514794-4.

  • Thomas, Whilst gary (2011).

    How for you to Undertake The Scenario Study: An important Information designed for Learners in addition to Researchers. 1000 Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

  • Yin, Robert t (2013). Case Examine Research: Pattern not to mention Methods (5th ed.).

    Million Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-1-4833-2224-7.

Further reading

External links

Clinical homework along with fresh design

Controlled study
(EBM When i to be able to II-1; Some sort of to be able to B)
Observational study
(EBM II-2 to be able to II-3; w for you to C)

Incidence, Cumulative number, Occurrance, Factor occurrance, Span prevalence


Risk main difference, Quantity important so that you can start treating, Amount called for for you to ruin, Hazard relation, General possibility drop, The chances proportion, Hazard ratio

Population impact

Attributable tiny proportion with the particular revealed, Attributable small part meant for that public, Preventable tiny fraction among the the particular unexposed, Preventable fraction with regard to a population


Clinical endpoint, Virulence, Infectivity, Death fee, Morbidity, Circumstance fatality rate, Specificity not to mention tenderness, Likelihood-ratios, Pre- and even post-test probability

Trial/test types
Analysis about clinical trials
Interpretation associated with results